How Does Coronavirus Affect The Human Body?
How Does Coronavirus Affect The Human Body? Fighting an unknown virus, such as coronavirus, has become a tough challenge for doctors. Approximately 10 thousand people have been infected in China, at least 213 people have died. There are 98 coronavirus cases in 18 countries outside of China.
The results of a detailed study of the first 99 patients treated in China were published in the medical journal Lancet.
How does the coronavirus attack the body? What are the symptoms of the disease? Who is likely to get seriously ill or die? How is the disease treated?
The study conducted by the doctors who are at the head of the fight against the virus at the Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan contains important information on the answers to all these questions.
The virus attacks the lungs
Pneumonia was observed in all 99 patients who were taken to the Jinyintan Hospital.
It was observed that the patients’ lungs became inflamed and oxygen was transferred from the air to the blood, and small pouches filled with water. Patients;
- 82 had a high fever
- 81 were coughing regularly
- 31 were short of breath
- 11 complained of muscle pain, eight complained of headache, and five suffered from sore throat.
The first deaths
The first two patients who died as a result of coronavirus seemed healthy despite smoking for a long time and their lungs were weakened.
The first patient who died was a 61-year-old man. When this person was brought to the hospital, he was diagnosed with pneumonia.
The patient was experiencing acute respiratory distress, his lungs could not secrete enough oxygen to keep his body alive.
The patient, who was connected to the respirator, first had his lungs completely disabled, and then his heart stopped.
The second patient was 69 years old and she suffered from acute respiratory distress.
The patient was connected to a lung machine. Unfortunately, it could not be recovered.
When the blood pressure dropped, the patient was observed to have pneumonia, and it was determined that he had a septic shock in his body.
The coronavirus is thought to be first seen in live animals in the market where the seafood is sold in Huanan.
Of the 99 patients, 49 had direct connections to the market.
47 people were either shopkeepers or clerks.
Two people were found to be shopping from the market.
Middle-aged people most affected by the virus
Most of the 99 patients were in the middle age group.
The mean age of patients, 67 of whom were male, was 56.
However, the latest data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in China show that the incidence of the virus is approaching men.
According to these data, women are still 20 percent less likely to get infected.
There are two possible reasons for the difference:
Men may have had more severe illness than women and therefore may need hospital treatment.
When the outbreak begins, men may be more likely to get the virus for social and cultural reasons.
Doctor Li Zhang of the Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan said the following about this difference:
“The lower sensitivity of women to viral infections may be due to the X chromosome and sex hormones, which play an important role in immunity. This plays an important role in strengthening women’s immune systems.
Many of the 99 patients also had other diseases that developed as a result of “weak immunity,” which could make their bodies vulnerable to the virus.
It was found that 40 of the patients had problems in their hearts or blood vessels.
It turned out that 12 people had diabetes.