How Dangerous is Coronavirus For Young People?
So far, the message given by the experts has been very clear: “The older your age, the more dangerous the coronavirus is.” However, the Covid-19 disease caused by the virus causes death among young people, while the World Health Organization warned young people not to underestimate the disease.
In England, an 18-year-old person with a chronic disease died because of the Covid-19 on Wednesday.
This is the youngest death known to have been caused by the disease in the UK. It was also evident that a young woman who was thought to be healthy at the age of 21 died from the disease.
The main opposition Labor Party deputy Rosena Allin-Khan is an Emergency Doctor and “the disease does not only affect the elderly and those with chronic disease,” he warned.
Doctor Allin-Khan said that some “healthy” people in their 30s and 40s, who used to be patients, are now struggling to survive in intensive care.
Risk by age
Although these warnings are important, it is still true that the disease is riskier as the age progresses in the whole picture.
Experts at Imperial College in London found that there was a clear link to age and hospitalization rates due to Covid-19.
Another clear finding is that the probability of being admitted to the intensive care unit among those hospitalized increases proportionally with age.
Less than 5 percent of patients under 50 get heavy enough to be hospitalized. However, 27 percent of those who are between 70 and 79 years old and get sick should be hospitalized.
Similarly, when looking at patients who are under 40 years old, hospitalized, at most 5 percent of them need intensive care, this rate rises to 43 percent in the 70s.
Case-based estimates in the two countries most affected by the outbreak in China and Italy indicate that these rates rose up to 71 percent in patients in their 80s.
Looking at the data from hospitals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the average age of patients admitted to the hospital is 63.
On the other hand, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in the USA, according to preliminary data, announced that 53 percent of applicants were over 55 years old. This suggests that almost half of those who suffer more severely in the U.S. are under the age of 55.
However, in terms of those who are taken to intensive care and deaths, it is seen that the average age in the USA also rises. According to the latest figures, 80 percent of deaths in the United States are patients over the age of 65.
Individuals do not match the ‘average’
But these are always ‘average’ figures. Therefore, it is not possible for every individual to comply with the average and younger people can also be severely affected by the disease and there are occasional cases of death.
While the mortality rate among people in their 40s is 0.4 percent in cases in Italy, this rate rises to 19.7 percent among those in their 80s. In the US, the mortality rate is estimated to be around 0.7 percent among those in their 40s so far.
Anthony Fauci, President of the National Institute for Allergy and Epidemic Diseases in the USA, emphasizes that deaths are predominantly seen in “elderly and chronic illnesses” but should not view this data as a mathematical formula:
World Health Organization (WHO) warns, “Although the data indicate that patients over 60 are riskier, there are young people and children among those who died.”
“Although children overcome the symptoms of Covid-19 in general, they may still be badly affected, especially younger ones,” according to a study of 2,000 children who have received the virus in China.
The effect of chronic diseases
What has happened so far reveals that chronic diseases, regardless of age, leave the person more vulnerable to the disease and cause it to be affected worse.
For example, we can say that 4 million 300 thousand asthma patients living within the borders of the UK are more vulnerable to coronavirus and are at risk, regardless of age.