As Valentine’s Day approaches, February 14, most couples are in a hurry to buy gifts for the person they share life with.
Although February 14 is generally a day of celebration of romantic love, some people choose February 14 to show their love to their family members or their pets or to celebrate what they have done with love in their lives.
On the other hand, 14 February, which is one of the special days of love and rheumatism celebrated all over the world, is a tool for market economy actors who are in the midst of commercial gain, according to some.
But the origins of February 14 go far before the advent of the capitalist economic order.
So what do we know about the origin of this most passionate day on calendars?
Its Origin Goes To The Spring Festival
Valentine’s Day is a very old tradition.
It is thought that it took its roots from a three-day festival called Lupercalia during the Roman period.
The festival, which took place in honor of the fertility god, coincided in mid-February and heralded the official beginning of spring.
As part of the celebrations, men drew the names of women from papers thrown in a box. Couples who came together in this match during the festival became lovers, maybe even getting married.
In the following centuries, the church wanted to end the pagan celebrations and turned the festivities into celebrations on behalf of St. Valentine.
There is Not Only One Saint Valentine
The first official day of St. Valentine was announced by Pope Gelasius on 49 February in 496.
It was named after one of the martyrs of that time. But there is no clear information about which martyr it was.
The most common explanation is that Saint Valentine was a priest in Rome and was killed in the 3rd century.
But there are at least two other Saint Valentine on this date.
One is a priest from the city, known today as Terni, near Rome, and the other is a North African martyr.
Since we have very little information about Saint Valentine, the priest in Rome is the most accepted.
A Letter That is Written While Being Taken To The Execution
So how is it thought that Valentine’s Day came about? What is the legend about St. Valentine?
One of these stories goes back to the Roman Emperor Claudius period.
Claudius prohibits marriage because he believes that married men are bad soldiers.
Valentine continues to marry people secretly because marriage is one of the events God has planned for man, and also believes that it is the purpose of the world.
When Claudius notices this, he takes Valentine to prison and sentenced him to death.
In prison, Valentine falls in love with the guard’s daughter and sends a signed love letter of “Your Valentine” while being taken to death on February 14.
That’s where people send each other cards on Valentine’s day today comes from.