Greenpeace simulates nuclear attacks
Even 75 years after the attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, many countries still have nuclear weapons. In order to stimulate the discussion about a world free of nuclear weapons, Greenpeace is playing through three scenarios for Germany: No matter where no matter which nuclear weapon – the results are devastating.
A nuclear attack on German cities would kill hundreds of thousands of people immediately, tens of thousands would face long-term consequences such as cancer – this is the result of a study in which Greenpeace simulates several nuclear attacks on Germany. The physicist Oda Becker used a software called Nukemap for the study on behalf of the environmental organization, which is supposed to calculate the consequences of an atomic bomb drop for a specific location. The simulation is intended as a contribution to “the necessary discussion about a world free of nuclear weapons,” says Greenpeace.
In the second scenario
The study deals with three scenarios. The first is about an attack on the political center in Berlin with a rather small atom bomb that has an explosion energy of 20 kilotons. That corresponds to an explosive force of 20,000 tons of TNT. According to the results; around 145,000 people would die immediately after the detonation. According to the information; 25,000 were due to the effects of the pressure and heatwave and 120,000 to fallout radiation in a larger area. “In addition; there are more than 50,000 later deaths from cancer,” the report said.
In the second scenario, an attack on the Frankfurt financial center with a heavy atom bomb of 550 kilotons was calculated. Here the program determined a total of around 500,000 deaths based on the data for the average surrounding population; including 206,080 due to the pressure and heatwave and the immediate radiation. However, the model used for the simulation cannot take all circumstances into account; the author explained: “The numbers could, therefore, be too high. They could also be too low.”
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