Parliament approved the new law in December, following the constitutional court’s decision on the matter.
The practice will be strictly regulated and each case will be evaluated by two doctors, one of whom is a palliative medicine specialist.
The BBC reported that authorities say the government has allocated additional funds for palliative care so that no one chooses to die when other options are available.
Assisted suicide means giving someone the opportunity to take their own life and includes knowingly helping.
Euthanasia, on the other hand, is the deliberate act of ending a person’s life in order to end their suffering. For example, a doctor may give injections containing toxic chemicals.
Assisted suicide, which is legal in Switzerland, has also been decriminalized in several European countries, including Spain, Belgium, and the Netherlands.