Why Is The Majority Of Deaths in Italy in Lombardia?
About 2 in 3 of the coronavirus deaths across Italy occurred in Lombardia, one of the country’s 20 regions. According to the latest data released yesterday, 3456 out of 5476 deaths were from Lombardia. Out of a total of 59,138 cases nationwide, 27,206 were seen in Lombardia.
That data points to a record death rate in Lombardia, with 12.7 percent. The death rate across Italy is around 9 percent, according to the latest data, but when the Lombardia region is excluded, the death rate in the rest of the country falls to around 6 percent.
In Lombardia, yesterday’s data showed that 1142 people carrying coronavirus were in intensive care. The number of intensive care units throughout the region has been tried to increase, but the current capacity is limited to 1250.
Lombardia, a region of great economic importance with its advanced industry and high levels of prosperity, also ranks second in the country in terms of Gross Domestic Product per capita, at 38,200 euros. The country is generally declining southward GDP.
The coronavirus crisis in Lombardia, whose health system has also been rated among the best in the country, is being watched with anxiety, especially in areas with lower welfare levels and more troubling health systems.
The question of why the virus has spread so much in Lombardia and caused unusually high casualties are being sought. Although it is not yet possible to answer this question with certainty, a number of errors, misfortunes, and unpreparedness are among the main factors that scientists, analysts, and journalists focus on. Some of these factors and possibilities are as follows:
Lombardia, Italy’s most populous region with a population of about 10 million, is second only to Campania in terms of population density. The population over 65 years in the region is the largest in Italy with 2 million 270 thousand.
Lombardia is the region in Italy with the most commercial ties with China
Lombardia was the region across Europe where the first unspecified cases of Chinese involvement emerged and spread. The view is widespread that the region was “caught unprepared” for this crisis.
The first case in the area was identified on February 20. It was also revealed on 18 February that he had gone to hospital due to his complaints but had not been tested and was allowed to return home. This first patient, named “Mattia”, who was stated to have a very active social life, caused the virus to spread to both his environment and the hospital.
How Mattia contracted the virus has not been determined. Therefore, it is estimated that the virus has started to spread much earlier in the region and that the intervention was delayed.
The spread of the virus from the hospital is another factor. Experts say hospitals could act as an “amplifier” in the spread of viruses if the necessary measures are not taken.
The Italian government halted direct flights with China on January 30 and declared a state of emergency on January 31 after a Chinese tourist couple in Rome discovered coronavirus. However, central coordination has been experiencing difficulties due to Italy’s regional administrative structure and the health system is under the jurisdiction of regional governments.
The fact that Lombardia is a crowded and active region has also accelerated the spread of the virus before it has yet to be detected. The Atalanta-Valencia match, played in Milan on 19 February, created a favorable environment for the rapid spread of the virus in Carnival celebrations.
Events in the early stages of the coronavirus crisis are also now being criticized amid concern that the economy may be taking a hit. One was an “anti-panic” social event attended by Nicola Zingaretti, the leader of her ruling partner, the Democratic Party. At this event in Milan on February 27, Zingaretti said, “Let’s not lose our habits, we can’t stop Milan and Italy. Our economy is stronger than fear: let’s go out and have an aperitif, a coffee or have a pizza,” the message said. On March 7, Zingaretti announced that he had contracted coronavirus.
There are also those who argue that air pollution is high due to the fact that the region is industrialized and crowded, and that air pollution can also lead to aggravation of cases. Italy’s Environmental Medicine Association also said air pollution could accelerate the spread of the virus.